What are the target goals?
The system aims to manage parking resources in the city of San Francisco, with the ultimate goal of making the roadways and thoroughfares more efficient for all users and modes and transportation (this includes public transit users, pedestrians, bicyclists, residents, tourists and business owners). This system, generally referred to as demand-responsive parking, relays information via online and telecommunications platforms that makes finding and paying for parking in the city easier and more convenient. This decreases the number of drivers circling for parking, thus reducing congestion for transit, promoting safer roadway conditions for bikers and pedestrians, reducing the number of parking tickets issued, and making commercial areas and local businesses more accessible to patrons. In addition, the system also results in improved air quality, as less driving leads to less vehicular air pollution. SF Park encompasses 7,000 of San Francisco's 28,000 metered spaces and 12,250 spaces in 15 of the 20 (city-owned) parking garages managed by SFMTA.
Who are the partners?
San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency (SFMTA); US Department of Transportation (USDOT); Federal Highway Administration (FHWA); Donald Shoup (UCLA); Robert Hampshire (CMU); Adam Millard-Ball (Stanford); Rachel Weinberger (UPenn); Serco, Inc.; Oracle; StreetSmart Technology LLC; Affiliated Computer Solutions (ACS); IPS Group, Inc.; Duncan Solutions; Words Pictures Ideas; vs. Goliath; Pay-By-Phone; Pictoform; Nelson/Nygaard Consulting Associates; Ewald &Wasserman Research Consultants; Sensys Networks; DataPark; Mobile Commons; 511/Metropolitan Transportation Commission
How is the effort financed?
SF Park received a $19.8 million dollar grant through the USDOT's Urban Partnership Program.
SF Park is unprecedented in the United States, the first system of its kind in the nation. While the system aims to improve the efficiency of the city's parking and transportation systems overall, it can also be classified as a quality of life policy intervention, which seeks to reduce time wasted by drivers and improve the user's experience with public space/commodities. Contrary to popular belief, the system also reduces the number of parking tickets issued. Following the implementation of the pilot program, SFMTA's total revenue from parking tickets dropped from 45% to 20%.
When was the program launched?
In 2008, the SFMTA approved legislation that would allow the SF Park Pilot Program. The agency then determined the areas of the city in which the pilot would launch, decided on rates and time limits, and set targets for parking availability. New meters and parking sensors were installed in the pilot areas in late 2010. In April of 2011, parking data was made available through the SF Park website and mobile applications. In May of 2011, demand-responsive pricing was enforced in the designated pilot areas. This pilot test took place from Spring 2011-Spring 2013, in the following neighborhoods of San Francisco: Civic Center, Hayes Valley, The Financial District, SoMa/Mission Bay, Fisherman's Wharf, Mission, Fillmore, Marina.
NLC Staff Contact Information:
Nicole DuPuis, City Solutions and Applied Research, NDuPuis@nlc.org, 1-202-626-3050
(Last Modified: October 2014)