Cities have become a new focal point in their efforts to promote policies amid governmental infighting and continued lack of action. Not only are state and federal governments failing to provide any support but are also placing tight constraints on cities, leaving them with less control to tailor laws to fit their needs. A major threat to local decision- making is state preemption, or the use of state law to nullify or restrict a municipal ordinance or authority.

Read more in NLC’s new report.