Boston Massachusetts Education Compact
In 1982, Boston business leaders, the Superintendent of Boston Public School (BPS), and Boston's Mayor signed the "Boston Compact", a historic agreement that recognized that the issues facing Boston could only be improved through a collaborative arrangement. The Compact's goals were designed to be durable and resilient, but it was also understood that future "re-signings" may be necessary in light of new leadership or a renewed focus on shared goals. The Compact was re-signed in 1989 and 1993. In April 2000 the Boston Compact was signed for the fourth and most recent time by former Mayor Thomas M. Menino, then-BPS Superintendent Thomas W. Payzant, leaders of the Boston's business community and Institutions of Higher Education (IHE), and the Boston Teachers Union with three main goals: 1) Meet the "High Standards" challenge, 2) Increase opportunities for college and career success, and 3) Recruit and prepare the next generation of teachers and principals. Since then, BPS has transformed itself from a failing school district to a district that's held up across the country as an example of urban school reform. As an example of this, BPS was a finalist for the Broad Prize for Urban Education for four years in a row (2002-2005), and finally won the award in 2006, distinguishing it as "the best city school district in the nation." In 2007, BPS launched 'Graduation for All,' an initiative to ensure that "every student graduates from high school with the skills and knowledge to succeed in college or other post-secondary education. The initiative includes an unprecedented collection and analysis of student drop-out and graduation data in order to devise a citywide plan to ensure a 100% graduation rate."