Supreme Court Refuses to Hear Internet Sales Tax Case
The Supreme Court refused to hear a case involving the question of whether a Colorado law requiring remote sellers to inform Colorado purchasers annually of their purchases and send the same information to the Colorado Department of Revenue is unconstitutional. As is always the case, the Supreme Court gave no reason for denying the petition.
In Quill Corp. v. North Dakota, decided in 1992, the Supreme Court held that states cannot require retailers with no in-state physical presence to collect sales tax. In 2010 the Colorado legislature passed the law described above to improve sales tax collection. The Direct Marketing Association sued Colorado claiming the law unconstitutionally discriminates against interstate commerce and is unconstitutional under Quill.
In February 2016 in Direct Marketing Association v. Brohl, the Tenth Circuit concluded the Colorado law doesn't discriminate against interstate commerce. DMA was unable to point to any evidence that the notice and reporting requirements imposed on out-of-state retailers are more burdensome than the sales tax collection and administration requirements imposed on in-state retailers. Quill does not apply to the law, the Tenth Circuit reasoned, because it "applies narrowly to sales and use tax collection."
DMA filed a petition for certiorari asking the Supreme Court to review the Tenth Circuit's ruling that Colorado's law discriminates against interstate commerce.
The State and Local Legal Center (SLLC) filed an amicus brief encouraging the Court not to decide this case. The brief argued that the Tenth Circuit ruled correctly on the interstate commerce question and that the only "interesting and important" question lurking in this case is whether the Supreme Court should overrule Quill.
In March 2015 the Supreme Court held unanimously that the Tax Injunction Act did not bar the Tenth Circuit (instead of a state court) from deciding whether Colorado's law was unconstitutional. Justice Kennedy wrote a concurring opinion, which appeared to rely on the SLLC's amicus brief, stating that the "legal system should find an appropriate case for this Court to reexamine Quill."
DMA's cert petition doesn't raise the question of whether Quill should be overturned. However, the SLLC amicus brief points out that if the Court is interesting in taking on this question it will be before the Court in no time. "Three States have already taken affirmative steps to challenge Quill head on, passing carefully tailored legislation or administrative rules that precisely frame the question whether [Quill's] 'physical presence' standard should be replaced with an 'economic nexus' rule under which sellers can be required to collect state sales tax if they transact a large amount of business in a given state."
The SLLC urged the Supreme Court to wait and accept one of these cases when they are ready for Supreme Court review and overrule Quill.