Fiscal Year 2019 Federal Budget Tracker: State of Play for Cities

White House FY19 Budget
White House FY19 Budget

Federal Investment in Our Cities: Fiscal Year 2019 Federal Budget

Last Updated December 4, 2018

Your one stop as a local elected to stay up-to-date on the Fiscal Year 2019 federal budget and appropriations process. We’re tracking and compiling everything you need to know about the status of the important federal investments in your city.

Where We Are Now

Under regular order, Congress is required to approve all federal spending bills before the fiscal year begins on October 1. If Congress misses that deadline and allows funding for government operations to lapse, the result is a “government shutdown”, a result that NLC steadfastly opposes.

When Fiscal Year 2019 began on October 1, 2018, five of the twelve annual spending bills, representing three-quarters of all discretionary funding, or more than $1 trillion in discretionary spending, had been enacted into law. The five enacted bills are:

To prevent a lapse in funding for the remaining spending bills, which would have resulted in a partial government shutdown during an election year, Congress also passed an extension of funding for all federal agencies awaiting appropriations approval for 10 additional weeks, beginning on October 1. Congress is expected to complete work on the remaining spending bills after the November midterm elections.

The President’s FY19 Budget Proposal

On February 12, the Administration released its budget proposal. Historically, the White House Budget Proposal has served as a statement on the general policy priorities of the President. The FY 2019 White House Budget Proposal continued last year’s call for deep cuts to federal investment in cities and towns, and a general devolution of responsibilities from the federal level to the state and local level. NLC opposed the President’s proposal.

The Appropriations Process

Federal funding levels for Fiscal Year’s 2018 and 2019 were approved by Congress under the 2-year Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018, which NLC supported. The Bipartisan Budget Act raised federal spending caps above sequestration levels that would have otherwise been required under the 10-year Budget Control Act of 2011.

Because of the bipartisan budget deal, Congress was been able to reject the deep spending cuts and program consolidations/eliminations proposed by the President. Moreover, funding for many city priorities, including CDBG, has increased since the last federal election.

Budget Tracker: Where the Numbers Stand

Below is a quick rundown of the House and Senate numbers for the FY19 proposals as they currently stand. Search through the drop-down menus, organized by federal agency below, to find where the numbers currently stand for federal dollars to the programs that matter most to your city.

* Current funding levels are based off of continuing resolution number, appropriated as part of the FY17 omnibus spending package with some anomolies.

Agriculture

Programs under the U.S. Department of Agriculture largely see level funding compared to FY17 and FY18. The House Appropriations Committee approved its spending bill on May 16. The Senate Appropriations Committee approved its spending bill on May 24.

Program FY18* FY19 President's Proposal  House Senate

Rural Utilities Service - Water and Waste Disposal Program

$1.25B

$1.2B for loans, eliminates grant funding

TBD

$1.25B

Rural Utility Service - Broadband Grants Program

$27M

$30M

$30M

$30M

Section 521 Rental Assistance $1.40B $1.37B $1.33B $1.331B

Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program (Mandatory Funding)

$78.5B

$73.2B

$73.2B

$73.219B

Commerce

The House Appropriations Committee approved $12.1 billion for the Commerce Department, an increase of $1 billion above the 2018 enacted level. Commerce programs fund economic development opportunities for cities and local entrepreneurs.

Program FY18* FY19 President's Proposal House Senate

National Telecom-munications and Information Administration

$32M

$30M

$39.5M

$39M

Economic Development Administration

$302M

Eliminated

$302M

$305.5M

Minority Business Development Agency

$39M

Eliminated

$40M

$39M

Manufacturing Extension Partnership

$140M

Eliminated

$140M

$140M

Environment

Most programs important to local governments under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency see a cut under the President’s FY19 budget proposal, with the exception of the Drinking Water State Revolving Loan Fund (SRF), which is proposed at level funding compared to FY17. The budget addendum provides an additional $397 million to the SRFs, but does not specify which program, bringing the SRF total to $2.257 billion, and additional allocation to the Superfund program, bringing it to level funding compared to FY17.

The House Interior-Environment appropriations bill, which passed the committee on June 6, provides an increase in funding for the Water Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act (WIFIA) and funding at FY17 levels for the Clean Water and Drinking State Revolving Loan Fund programs. The Senate Interior-Environment appropriations bill, which passed committee on June 14, provides mostly level funding at FY18 levels.

The House bill also includes several policy riders, including one to repeal the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ Clean Water Rule. The rider is not included in the Senate version of the bill.

Program FY18* FY19 President's Proposal House Senate

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Clean Water State Revolving Fund

$1.693B

$997M

$1.393B

$1.694B

Drinking Water State Revolving Fund

$1.163B

$863M

$863M

$1.164B

Water Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act (WIFIA)

 $63M

 $20M

$75M

$63M

Brownfields

$80M

 $62M

$80M

$80M

Superfund

 $1.154B

 $1.089B

$1.127B

$1.092B

Great Lakes Restoration Initiative

$300M

$30M

$300M

$300M

Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative

$73M

$7.3M

TBD

TBD

U.S. Department of the Interior

Land and Water Conservation Fund

$425M

TBD

$360M

$425M

Energy

The President’s FY19 budget request for the U.S. Department of Energy proposed a cut of $1.3 billion below FY17 levels to the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy and an elimination of key programs such as the Weatherization Assistance Program and the State Energy Program. These programs and others under EERE support local energy efficiency efforts around residential and commercial buildings, including helping low-income households reduce their energy costs with improved efficiency and use of renewable energy. The budget addendum provides an additional $120 million to the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy for R&D.

The House and Senate Energy-Water appropriations bills,which largely rejected the President’s proposed cuts, passed each chamber in June as part of a “mini-bus” package of three FY19 appropriations bills. On Sept. 10, House and Senate Conference Committee Members reached a final agreement on FY19 funding levels. The “mini-bus” appropriations bill is scheduled for a vote in each chamber before the new fiscal year begins on Oct. 1.

The House bill included several policy riders, including one to repeal the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ Clean Water Rule. No policy riders are included in the final conference bill.

Program FY18* FY19 President's Proposal House Senate FY19 "Mini-Bus"

 Weatherization
 Assistance Program

 $251M

 Eliminated

 $251M

$251M

$257M

 Office of  Energy
 Efficiency and
 Renewable Energy

 $2.321B

 $861M

 $2.1B 

$2.322B

$2.379B

State Energy Program

$55M

 Eliminated

$55M

$55M

$55M
Homeland Security

The President’s FY19 budget proposal for the Department of Homeland Security cuts an average of 30 percent from state and local homeland security grants and 31 percent from disaster relief and preparedness grants while increasing the funding for border security and infrastructure to $1.8 billion, which is $1.2 billion more than the 2017 enacted level.

Program FY18* FY19 President's Proposal House Senate

State and Local Homeland Security Grant Program

$507M

$349M

$507M

$512M

Urban Area Security Initiative

$630M

$449M

$630M

$605M

Firefighter Assistance Grants

$700M

$669M

$700M

$700M

Pre Disaster Mitigation Fund

$249M

$39M

$249M

$250M

Flood Hazard Mapping & Risk Analysis Program

$262M

$100M

$262M

$250M

Emergency Management Performance

$350M

$279M

TBD

$350M

Port Security Grants

$100M

$36M

TBD

$100M

Disaster Relief Fund

$7.9B

$7.23B

TBD

$7.234B

Border Security and Infrastructure

$619M

$1.842B

TBD

TBD
Housing and Urban Development

The House and Senate bills reject most of the President’s proposals, including deep funding cuts to housing programs, new rent and work requirements, and time limits for public assistance.  Instead, the House and Senate drafts maintain the increased funding that was made available under the Bipartisan Budget Act.

Program FY18* FY19 President's Proposal House Senate

CDBG

$3.3B

Eliminated

$3.3B

$3.3B

HOME

$136B

Eliminated

$1.2B

$1.36B

Choice Neighborhoods

$150M

Eliminated

$150M

$100M

Tenant Based Rental Assistance

$22B

$19.315B

$22.5B

$22.8B

Project Based Rental Assistance

$11.51B

$10.866B

$11.34B

$11.74B

Public Housing Operating Fund

$4.55B

$2.84B

$4.55B

$4.75B

Public Housing Capital Fund

$2.75B

Eliminated

$2.75B

$2.77B

Homeless Assistance Grants

$2.5B

$2.38B

$2.5B

$2.6B

Healthy Homes & Lead Hazard

$230M

$145M

$230M

$260M

Justice

The House Appropriations Committee approved the 2019 Commerce, Justice, Science (CJS) Appropriations bill that provides increases for federal law enforcement to crack down on illegal immigration, violent crime, gangs and opioid trafficking. The bill targets funding increases for national security – including countering cybercrime, terrorism and espionage. The House bill includes $447 million for grant programs to help stem the tide of overdoses resulting from opioid abuse. This includes funding for activities such as drug courts, treatment, prescription drug monitoring, overdose-reversal drugs, and at-risk youth programs. In addition, the bill increases federal law enforcement resources to investigate and prosecute drug traffickers. The bill also increases resources for multiple programs that reduce violent and gun crime, including $75 million in grants to states to improve their records used in background checks; $50 million in grants to reduce gang and gun violence; $100 million as authorized by the STOP School Violence Act; $100 million for youth mentoring programs; and $20 million for police active shooter training. The bill also includes $421 million in the Diversion Control Program to enhance opioid diversion investigations and prosecutions. In addition, the bill provides $570 million for Organized Crime and Drug Enforcement Task Forces, a $27 million increase over the current level, to target major drug trafficking organizations. The bill includes a total of $2.9 billion for various state and local law enforcement assistance grant programs including:
 

  • $441.5 million for Byrne Justice Assistance Grants

  • $255 million for the State Criminal Alien Assistance Program

  • $380 million for Comprehensive Addiction and Recovery Act grants
     

The President’s FY19 budget would have cut funding for state and local law enforcement grants from $968 million in FY 2017 to $605 in FY 2019. This is 38 percent cut to the federal grant programs that support state and local law enforcement initiatives that are aimed at improving police community relations, reducing juvenile delinquency and reintegrating former offenders back into the community.

Program FY18* FY19 President's Proposal House Senate

Edward Byrne Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program

$415M

$332.5M

$441.5M

$445M

COPS Hiring Grants

$275M

$94M

$225M

$235M

Body Worn Cameras

$22M

$22.5M

$22.5M

$22.5M

Second Chance Act (SCA)

$85M

$30M

$85M

$90M

Drug Courts

$75M

$43M

$75M

$80M

Mentally Ill Offender Act

$30M

$10M

$30M

$32.5M

Veteran Treatment Courts

$20M

$6M

$20M

$22.5M

Comprehensive Addiction and Recovery Act Activities

$205M

$20M

$255M

$225M

Juvenile Justice Programs

$282M

$236M

$199M

$297M

National Instant Criminal Background Check System

$75M

$10M

$75M

$75M

Interagency Law Enforcement Crime and Drug Enforcement Program

$542M

$522M

$570M

$521.5M

State Criminal Alien Assistance Program (SCAAP)

$193M

Eliminated

$225M

$100M

Stop School Violence Act     $100M $75M
Project Safe Neighborhoods     $50M $20M
Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies

of importance to cities at the U.S. Departments of Labor, Education and Health and Human Services  were largely eliminated in the President’s FY19 budget proposal, including the independent agencies of the Corporation for National and Community Service and the Institute of Museum and Library Services.   Of note, in light of the Balanced Budget Act of 2018, the President included an addendum that would restore WIOA funds at the Department of Labor to FY17 enacted levels.

The House and Senate bills largely reject the President’s proposed cuts and holds funding flat for many programs of importance to cities, including after school programming and workforce development.

Program FY18* FY19 President's Proposal House Senate

Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA)

$3.474B

$3.474B

$3.474B

$3.501B

Senior Community Service Employment Program (SCSEP)

$400M

Eliminated

$400M

$400M

21st Century Community Learning Centers (21st CCLC)

$1.164B

Eliminated

 

$1.2B

$1.2B

Supporting Effective Instruction State Grants

$2.056B

Eliminated

$2.05B

$2.056B

Charter School Program grants

$342M

$500M

$450M

$12.4B

Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA)

$12B

$12.8B

$12.3B

$3.7B

Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP)

$3.390B

Eliminated

$3.64B

$3.7B

Community Service Block Grant (CSBG)

$715M

Eliminated

$779.8M

$725M

Social Services Block Grant (SSBG)

$1.7B

Eliminated

$1.7B

$1.7B

Corporation for National and Community Service (CNCS)

$1B

Eliminated

$1.06B

$1.1B

Institute for Museum and Library Sciences (IMLS)

$231M

Eliminated

TBD

$242M

Transportation

The House bill would increase funding for affordable housing and transportation programs that, according to committee documents, would represent another significant down-payment on infrastructure. The biggest increase is a $1.7 billion, or 68 percent, increase in highway grants to states, to $4.25 billion. The Better Utilizing Investments to Leverage Development, or BUILD, program (formerly known as TIGER Grants) would be cut under the proposal, from $1.5 billion to $750 million.

Program FY18* FY19 President's Proposal House Senate

TIGER program

$500M

Eliminated

$750M

$1B

Amtrak

$1.4B

$738M

$1.9B

$2.6B

Transit Capital Investment Grants

$2.41B

$1B

$2.6B

$17.7B

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)

$16.3B

$16.1B

$17.7B

$17.7B

Essential Air Service

$150M

$93M

$175M

$175M