Fiscal Year 2019 Federal Budget Tracker: State of Play for Cities

White House FY19 Budget
White House FY19 Budget

Federal Investment in Our Cities: Fiscal Year 2019 Federal Budget

Last Updated 6/19/18

Your one stop as a local elected to stay up-to-date on the Fiscal Year 2019 federal budget and appropriations process. We’re tracking and compiling everything you need to know about the status of the important federal investments in your city.

Where We Are Now

As part of a continuing resolution (CR) for FY18 that funded the government through March 22, 2018, Congress passed a budget resolution that lifted austere spending caps and outlined limits for a FY 2019 federal budget. While the CR was legally binding and required the President's signature, the budget resolution that outlines spending from March 23 to September 31, 2019 is non-binding. The act raises the limit permitted for non-defense spending for FY19 by $68 billion for a total of $597 billion. Defense spending was budgeted to rise $85 billion to a total of $647 billion. The bipartisan agreement also extended the authorization for the Children's Health Insurance Program (CHIP) for 10 years and suspends the debt ceiling through March 1, 2019 to protect the federal government from risk of default. The agreement also included $20 billion for infrastructure programming in FY19. 

The Appropriations Process

While Congress has passed a budget for FY19 early, Members of Congress must still authorize the appropriations of the funding. Congress' budget resolution typically comes after the President's budget proposal, but that is not the case this year. 

The President’s FY19 Budget Proposal

On February 12, the Administration released its proposed FY19 budget proposal. Historically, the President's budget has mostly served as a declaration of what the President would like to see in a budget and then Congress continues with its own budget resolution and appropriations process with relative autonomy. This year's budget features many of the same austere cuts to federal investment in cities that were seen in last year's budget. 

While Congress moved ahead on a budget resolution without apparent input from the White House, it is still possible that the President's budget may influence the appropriations process for the FY19 budget.

Budget Tracker: Where the Numbers Stand

Below is a quick rundown of the House and Senate numbers for the FY19 proposals as they currently stand. Search through the drop-down menus, organized by federal agency below, to find where the numbers currently stand for federal dollars to the programs that matter most to your city.

* Current funding levels are based off of continuing resolution number, appropriated as part of the FY17 omnibus spending package with some anomolies.

Agriculture

Programs under the U.S. Department of Agriculture largely see level funding compared to FY17 and FY18. The House Appropriations Committee approved its spending bill on May 16. The Senate Appropriations Committee approved its spending bill on May 24.

Program FY18* FY19 President's Proposal  House Senate

Rural Utilities Service - Water and Waste Disposal Program

$1.25B

$1.2B for loans, eliminates grant funding

TBD

$1.25B

Rural Utility Service - Broadband Grants Program

$27M

$30M

$30M

$30M

Section 521 Rental Assistance $1.40B $1.37B $1.33B $1.331B

Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program (Mandatory Funding)

$78.5B

$73.2B

$73.2B

$73.219B

Commerce

The House Appropriations Committee approved $12.1 billion for the Commerce Department, an increase of $1 billion above the 2018 enacted level. Commerce programs fund economic development opportunities for cities and local entrepreneurs.

Program FY18* FY19 President's Proposal House Senate

National Telecom-munications and Information Administration

$32M

$30M

$39.5M

$39M

Economic Development Administration

$302M

Eliminated

$302M

$305.5M

Minority Business Development Agency

$39M

Eliminated

$40M

$39M

Manufacturing Extension Partnership

$140M

Eliminated

$140M

$140M

Environment

Most programs important to local governments under the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency see a cut under the President’s FY19 budget proposal, with the exception of the Drinking Water State Revolving Loan Fund (SRF), which is proposed at level funding compared to FY17. The budget addendum provides an additional $397 million to the SRFs, but does not specify which program, bringing the SRF total to $2.257 billion, and additional allocation to the Superfund program, bringing it to level funding compared to FY17.

The House Interior-Environment appropriations bill, which passed the committee on June 6, provides an increase in funding for the Water Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act (WIFIA) and funding at FY17 levels for the Clean Water and Drinking State Revolving Loan Fund programs. The Senate Interior-Environment appropriations bill, which passed committee on June 14, provides mostly level funding at FY18 levels.

The House bill also includes several policy riders, including one to repeal the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ Clean Water Rule. The rider is not included in the Senate version of the bill.

Program FY18* FY19 President's Proposal House Senate

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Clean Water State Revolving Fund

$1.693B

$997M

$1.393B

$1.694B

Drinking Water State Revolving Fund

$1.163B

$863M

$863M

$1.164B

Water Infrastructure Finance and Innovation Act (WIFIA)

 $63M

 $20M

$75M

$63M

Brownfields

$80M

 $62M

$80M

$80M

Superfund

 $1.154B

 $1.089B

$1.127B

$1.092B

Great Lakes Restoration Initiative

$300M

$30M

$300M

$300M

Chesapeake Bay Watershed Initiative

$73M

$7.3M

TBD

TBD

U.S. Department of the Interior

Land and Water Conservation Fund

$425M

TBD

$360M

$425M

Energy

The President’s FY19 budget request for the U.S. Department of Energy proposed a cut of $1.3 billion below FY17 levels to the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy and an elimination of key programs such as the Weatherization Assistance Program and the State Energy Program. These programs and others under EERE support local energy efficiency efforts around residential and commercial buildings, including helping low-income households reduce their energy costs with improved efficiency use of renewable energy. The budget addendum provides an additional $120 million to the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy for R&D.

The House and Senate Energy-Water appropriations bills largely rejects the President’s proposed cuts. The House bill also includes several policy riders, including one to repeal the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’ Clean Water Rule. The rider is not included in the Senate version of the bill.

The House Appropriations Committee passed its spending bill on May 16, and on June 8 the bill passed the House as part of a “mini-bus” package of three FY19 appropriations bills. Meanwhile, in the Senate, the Appropriations Committee passed its spending bill on May 24, and the Senate is scheduled to take the bill up as a “mini-bus” package the week of June 18.

Program FY18* FY19 President's Proposal House Senate

 Weatherization
 Assistance Program

 $251M

 Eliminated

 $251M

$251M

 Office of  Energy
 Efficiency and
 Renewable Energy

 $2.321B

 $861M

 $2.1B 

$2.322B

State Energy Program

$55M

 Eliminated

$55M

$55M

Homeland Security

The President’s FY19 budget proposal for the Department of Homeland Security cuts an average of 30 percent from state and local homeland security grants and 31 percent from disaster relief and preparedness grants while increasing the funding for border security and infrastructure to $1.8 billion, which is $1.2 billion more than the 2017 enacted level.

Program FY18* FY19 President's Proposal House Senate

State and Local Homeland Security Grant Program

$507M

$349M

$507M

$512M

Urban Area Security Initiative

$630M

$449M

$630M

$605M

Firefighter Assistance Grants

$700M

$669M

$700M

$700M

Pre Disaster Mitigation Fund

$249M

$39M

$249M

$250M

Flood Hazard Mapping & Risk Analysis Program

$262M

$100M

$262M

$250M

Emergency Management Performance

$350M

$279M

TBD

$350M

Port Security Grants

$100M

$36M

TBD

$100M

Disaster Relief Fund

$7.9B

$7.23B

TBD

$7.234B

Border Security and Infrastructure

$619M

$1.842B

TBD

TBD
Housing and Urban Development

The House and Senate bills reject most of the President’s proposals, including deep funding cuts to housing programs, new rent and work requirements, and time limits for public assistance.  Instead, the House and Senate drafts maintain the increased funding that was made available under the Bipartisan Budget Act.

Program FY18* FY19 President's Proposal House Senate

CDBG

$3.3B

Eliminated

$3.3B

$3.3B

HOME

$136B

Eliminated

$1.2B

$1.36B

Choice Neighborhoods

$150M

Eliminated

$150M

$100M

Tenant Based Rental Assistance

$22B

$19.315B

$22.5B

$22.8B

Project Based Rental Assistance

$11.51B

$10.866B

$11.34B

$11.74B

Public Housing Operating Fund

$4.55B

$2.84B

$4.55B

$4.75B

Public Housing Capital Fund

$2.75B

Eliminated

$2.75B

$2.77B

Homeless Assistance Grants

$2.5B

$2.38B

$2.5B

$2.6B

Healthy Homes & Lead Hazard

$230M

$145M

$230M

$260M

Justice

The House Appropriations Committee approved the 2019 Commerce, Justice, Science (CJS) Appropriations bill that provides increases for federal law enforcement to crack down on illegal immigration, violent crime, gangs and opioid trafficking. The bill targets funding increases for national security – including countering cybercrime, terrorism and espionage.

The President’s FY19 budget would have cut funding for state and local law enforcement grants from $968 million in FY 2017 to $605 in FY 2019. This is 38 percent cut to the federal grant programs that support state and local law enforcement initiatives that are aimed at improving police community relations, reducing juvenile delinquency and reintegrating former offenders back into the community.

Program FY18* FY19 President's Proposal House Senate

Edward Byrne Justice Assistance Grant (JAG) Program

$415M

$332.5M

$441.5M

TBD

COPS Hiring Grants

$275M

$94M

$225M

TBD

Body Worn Cameras

$22M

$22.5M

$22.5M

TBD

Second Chance Act (SCA)

$85M

$30M

$85M

TBD

Drug Courts

$75M

$43M

$75M

TBD

Mentally Ill Offender Act

$30M

$10M

$30M

TBD

Veteran Treatment Courts

$20M

$6M

$20M

TBD

Comprehensive Addiction and Recovery Act Activities

$205M

$20M

$255M

TBD

Juvenile Justice Programs

$282M

$236M

TBD

TBD

National Instant Criminal Background Check System

$75M

$10M

$75M

TBD

Interagency Law Enforcement Crime and Drug Enforcement Program

$542M

$522M

$570M

TBD

State Criminal Alien Assistance Program (SCAAP)

$193M

Eliminated

$225M

TBD

Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies

Programs of importance to cities at the U.S. Departments of Labor, Education and Health and Human Services  were largely eliminated in the President’s FY19 budget proposal, including the independent agencies of the Corporation for National and Community Service and the Institute of Museum and Library Services.   Of note, in light of the Balanced Budget Act of 2018, the President included an addendum that would restore WIOA funds at the Department of Labor to FY17 enacted levels

The House bill largely rejects the President’s proposed cuts and holds funding flat for many programs of importance to cities, including after school programming and workforce development.

Program FY18* FY19 President's Proposal House Senate

Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (WIOA)

$3.474B

$3.474B

$3.474B

TBD

Senior Community Service Employment Program (SCSEP)

$400M

Eliminated

$400M

TBD

21st Century Community Learning Centers (21st CCLC)

$1.164B

Eliminated

 

$1.2B

TBD

Supporting Effective Instruction State Grants

$2.056B

Eliminated

$2.05B

TBD

Charter School Program grants

$342M

$500M

$450M

TBD

Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA)

$12B

$12.8B

$12.3B

TBD

Low Income Home Energy Assistance Program (LIHEAP)

$3.390B

Eliminated

$3.64B

TBD

Community Service Block Grant (CSBG)

$715M

Eliminated

$779.8M

TBD

Social Services Block Grant (SSBG)

$1.7B

Eliminated

$1.7B

TBD

Corporation for National and Community Service (CNCS)

$1B

Eliminated

$1.06B

TBD

Institute for Museum and Library Sciences (IMLS)

$231M

Eliminated

TBD

TBD

Transportation

The House bill would increase funding for affordable housing and transportation programs that, according to committee documents, would represent another significant down-payment on infrastructure. The biggest increase is a $1.7 billion, or 68 percent, increase in highway grants to states, to $4.25 billion. The Better Utilizing Investments to Leverage Development, or BUILD, program (formerly known as TIGER Grants) would be cut under the proposal, from $1.5 billion to $750 million.

Program FY18* FY19 President's Proposal House Senate

TIGER program

$500M

Eliminated

$750M

TBD

Amtrak

$1.4B

$738M

$1.9B

TBD

Transit Capital Investment Grants

$2.41B

$1B

$2.6B

TBD

Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)

$16.3B

$16.1B

$17.7B

TBD

Essential Air Service

$150M

$93M

$175M

TBD