City Structures

This section of Cities 101 provides information about city structures and includes pages about: local U.S. governments, the number of local governments and their populations, forms of municipal government, municipal charters, city-county consolidations, a list of consolidated city-county governments, and state municipal leagues.

  • Local US Governments

    Defines and enumerates the different types of local government bodies.

  • Number of Municipal Governments & Population Distribution

    Total number of municipal governments in the U.S. and the number of municipal governments in each of 10 population ranges.

  • Forms of Municipal Government

    Defines the four forms of government as determined by a municipality's charter. Reports the incidence and trends of these forms in local governments across the nation. Lists the form of government of the 30 most populous cities.

  • Municipal Charters

    Explains the legal document that defines the structure, powers, functions, and procedures of local government. Outlines the charter revision process.

  • City-County Consolidations

    Describes the purpose, structure, and process of joining two or more neighboring governments. Lists the 34 consolidated governments and other exceptions to the norm.

  • List of Consolidated City-County Governments

    Presents the three different forms of consolidated city-county governments and identifies consolidated governments by state.

  • State Municipal Leagues

    State municipal leagues are membership associations representing the interests of the municipal governments in each state. League members are the cities and towns, as well as their elected and appointed officials and municipal employees, often including managers and administrators. Municipal leagues can also be umbrella organizations for other similar groups and associations in the state. Information about each of the 49 state municipal leagues is available via the NLC Member Directory.